In the family of Brassicaceae, mustard is a plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis. Mustard plant seeds are widely used as a traditional pungent spice. It is also used as a source of edible oil and protein and even as a medicine .There are three varieties of mustard. One of them is yellow mustard. Since years people have been insisting that a teaspoon of yellow mustard reduces or lessens the pain of muscle cramps within few minutes. There are various amazing successful results of mustard. But many health professionals had often roll their eyes when it is mentioned, mustard as other kitchen cabinet treatments. The reason behind it is that they cannot imagine the reason why mustard might work so efficiently and rapidly. It defies their understanding of how a pharmaceutical ingredient like mustard is absorbed from the stomach and exerts a pharmacological effect on the body. Mustard cures the work too damned fast for standard scientific explanation. Mustard is also known for its rubefacient properties which can help in getting relief from any kind of muscle cramp
or pain. Consuming one or two teaspoon of yellow mustard powder can help in maintaining strong bones, joints and muscles as it is a good source of potassium and calcium. Mustard oil made from yellow mustard seeds helps to get quick relief from any kind of pain, including arthritis pain.
India is one of the major mustard manufacturer and supplier of best quality conventional as well as organic varieties of mustard seeds in the world. Many developed countries like Germany, USA, Malaysia etc. import mustard from India. Organic Products India is one of the leading mustard seeds supplier, manufacturer & exporter throughout the world. Organic Products India supplies superior quality mustard seeds that are full of flavour and aroma. The mustard seeds form the cornerstone of French cuisine and dominate Indian and Southern Asian cooking as well. Mustard seeds are available globally in three varieties‐ black, yellow and white. White mustard has a very precise aroma in comparison to the black variety which packs a punch of flavour in food.
Types of Mustards:
- Yellow mustard:
Yellow mustard has become popular because of its unique, strong and spicy flavor and is used as condiment in variety of dishes like hotdogs, salads, sandwiches and burgers around the world. It is not only rich in protein, fiber, vitamin C but also in many of the B‐complex vitamins. Yellow Mustard brings an aromatic, rustic taste and fragrance to various dishes. Yellow mustard even has some
health benefits for the body like relief from muscular pains, ringworm, and respiratory disorders and it also helps in treating cancer and diabetes. There is the huge list of health benefits of yellow mustard. Raw mustard seeds have a bitter taste, but mustard’s character changes completely when treated with heat. Mustard seeds are used from appetizer to main course as condiment, they are one of the most versatile spices which one can have in pantry.
- Black Mustard:
Black mustard is a type of mustard. The seed and oil from the black mustard are used to make medicine. Black mustard leaves are used in salads and other dishes, in foods. Black mustard seed is used as a spice to add flavour to mustard condiment. There are around 40 different species of mustard plant. Black mustard (Brassica nigra) is the most pungent. Black mustard contains chemicals that might initially lessen the pain when applied to the skin. But when came in contact with the skin for too long, it might cause skin irritation and burning. Black mustard is similar to brown mustard. Black or brown mustard seeds are used in Indian cooking, especially in South Indian cooking. Many curries and vegetables dishes are flavoured with oil tempered with mustard seeds, curry leaves, green chilli’s and asafoetida.
- White Mustard:
White mustard is commonly used as a cover and green manure crop in Europe (between UK and Ukraine). A large number of varieties of white mustard exist in Germany, Netherlands, etc. mainly differing in lateness of flowering and resistance against white beet‐cyst nematode (Heterodera schachtii).White mustard is also used as a condiment. Generally, white mustard seeds are used to make medicines .People generally intake white mustard for clearing the voice, preventing infection, causing vomiting, increasing urine flow (as a diuretic) to relieve water retention, and also for increasing the appetite. White mustard is one of three types of mustard typically used to make mustard condiment in foods. White mustard has the capacity to reducing the beet nematodes in the soil by interfering in
the life circle of the nematodes.
Uses and Pharmacology
There are many uses of mustard. Mustard has potential pharmacological effects in various diseases like cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes .While there are very limited clinical trials to support its use for any indication. There have been numerous phytochemical investigations on mustard seeds. However, very few clinical trials exist to support the clinical application of mustard seed oil. Derivatives of allyl isothiocyanate have formed the basis for toxic agents such as mustard gases and antineoplastic drugs. Mustard is also used for getting a relief from soar throat & chest congestion. It is not only used for fighting bad odors, but also to treat fever and flu, calm muscles, get relive from tired feet and treating back pain.