Turmeric is a sacred spice from India. It is nicknamed as “Indian solid Gold” or “Indian Saffron” owing to its golden Yellow color. Turmeric’s Botanical name is “Curcuma longa” which belongs to the Zingiberaceae family. It has a profound use as a flavouring & dyeing agent. The extract is used in pharmaceutical industries and Ayurvedic industries. It is commonly used in all Asian dishes.
India is the largest producer and exporter of turmeric in the world. There is a lot of demand for turmeric powder with high curcumin content. As the demand for Organic Spices is increasing, the demand for Organic Turmeric fingers and Organic Spices has increased.
- Climatic Conditions for Turmeric Farming:
Turmeric is a tropical herb which is grown in the subtropical and tropical region. It requires Humid Climatic Conditions and rainfall of 1500mm or more per annum or a proper irrigation system. Turmeric is available during 2 seasons in India i.e. from February to May and August to October. It is grown in rotation with sugarcane, chilli, onion, garlic, wheat, Ragi, vegetables. It is grown as a subsidiary crop to ginger in some reasons.Turmeric is also grown organically, provided the rotational crop should also be organic. There are many organic spices manufacturers in India who deal in organic turmeric powder and organic turmeric fingers. Organic Products India is one of the better-known exporters & organic products manufacturers in India, who are mainly focused on Organic Spices. Fresh turmeric is cured by obtaining Dry turmeric. The fingers are separated from mother rhizomes and cured in boiling water. After boiling cured turmeric fingers, they are dried naturally or with the help of a drying Pump. After drying, they are polished by rubbing manually or by using an automatic mechanical rubbing machine.
The Rhizome (weight: 25-30gms)) are is dibbled at a depth of 4 cm with a spacing of 45*15cm.
To begin, seed material from high yielding local varieties may be used in the absence of organically produced seeds. The seed is sometimes sprouted under moist straw before sowing. For sowing, both the mother ‐ rhizomes and fingers are used. The fingers are cut into 3‐ 5 cm long pieces, and the mother rhizomes are planted as such or split into two; each having at least one sound bud. A seed rate of 1000 kg rhizomes is required for planting one acre of land. As an intercrop in a fruit‐garden seed rate may be as low as 125 ‐ 200 kg per acre. At the time of planting 25 g powdered neem cake mix well with soil is applied in each pit taken at a spacing of 20‐25 cm within and between rows. Turmeric needs heavy manuring. Turmeric can be planted during April‐July with the receipt of pre-monsoon showers.The yield of Pure crop varies from 8000kg to 10000kg per acre. Under exceptionally favorable condition. Proper irrigation system gives the crop approx. 12000‐13000kg per acre.
As turmeric powder manufacturers, we take special care when it comes to procurement of turmeric and organic turmeric fingers and powders. There is a high demand for turmeric powder having curcumin content of 5 to7%. Organic Products India is one of those suppliers who can supply the turmeric powder with good quality.
From curries to salad dressings, and teas to soups, turmeric has been there and done that! It’s probably the only spice after salt and pepper, to be used in almost every other food preparation, hot or cold, cooked or uncooked. In India, turmeric is also used heavily in worship rituals and ceremonies. The exotic ‘golden milk latte’ is also a traditional Indian concoction of turmeric, ginger, cinnamon, honey, and milk. The exact origin of turmeric is not known but it is believed to be native to Southern India and Indonesia. The earliest mention of turmeric goes back to 5000 years in the Vedas. Turmeric not only has a permanent space on the kitchen shelf but is also an important coloring agent in the fabric industry and a pharmaceutical ingredient in the Ayurveda. As such, with the growing awareness and demand of this golden herb, this seems like a promising period for the turmeric powder manufacturers especially in India.
Some lesser known facts about Turmeric
Turmeric is a close relative of the ginger plant. It is a produce of Curcuma longa, a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the ginger family Zingiberaceae, native to tropical South Asia. There are around 133 known species of Curcuma which have been identified worldwide. They are commonly found in the form of turmeric fingers and powder. Most of them are known by their local names and used for various medicinal formulations. The turmeric plant needs temperatures between 20°C and 30°C and a substantial amount of annual rainfall to thrive.
- Medicinal benefits of turmeric
Turmeric began to dominate as an important ingredient in medicine and was extensively used in Ayurvedic healing around 500 B.C. The antibiotic properties of this spice were mostly employed in the purification of blood and skin. It was also used to treat tough conditions as diverse as epilepsy, diarrhea, and urinary infections. Turmeric pastes are even today used to alleviate skin conditions like eczema, ringworm, and other parasitic skin conditions. The first medicinal powder that is applied to disinfect and stop the blood flow from a fresh wound is turmeric. In day to day life, powdered turmeric is frequently used as an insect repellant. A popular remedy of milk simmered with turmeric and sugar is used to cure a cold and cough.
- A potential to cure cancer
According to research, Curcumin or diferuloyl methane, an active ingredient in Turmeric, is shown to have anti-cancer effects on cancer/tumour cells. In a Phase-I Clinical Trial conducted some time back by a medical institute, Curcumin was administered to 25 patients with precancerous changes in different organs. This experiment seemed to suggest that Curcumin could stop the “pre-cancerous changes” from becoming Cancer.
Today, India has emerged the largest producer, consumer and exporter of turmeric in the world. Indian turmeric is considered to be the best in the world market because of its high curcumin content. In fact, India accounts for about 80% of turmeric production and 60% of exports in the world, with Asian countries consuming much of their turmeric production. As such, one of the leading organic product manufacturers in India is Organic Products India. They are well known as global spices exporter in Europe, USA, Middle-East, China, etc.
From an ancient south Asian herb to one of the most sought after spice in the world today, turmeric has come a long way. No wonder then, it is the gold among spices!