Sesame seed is considered to be an ancient oilseed crop known for humanity. Sesamum has many species, most being wild and native to sub‐Saharan Africa. Sesamum indicum, the cultivated type is originated in India. It is tolerant to drought‐like conditions, growing where other crops fail. Sesame has the highest oil contents as compared to other seed. It has a rich, nutty flavour, and is a common ingredient in cuisines across the world.
Over the years along with its increasing demand, production of sesame seed is also increasing. The edible oilseeds which come in the assorted range of white, black & brown are one of the most favoured crops to farmers for its resistance to withstand unfavourable weather conditions & grow with minimum attention. Sesame seed has growing popularity due to its ability to facilitate digestion and reduce hypertension in several foods as a driving factor in the market. Furthermore, it has rising application as an antioxidant product in various pharmaceutical formulations which drives the growth of Indian sesame seeds market in the upcoming years.
India is one of the major exporters of a sesame seed. Organic Product India and Veerral Agro Tech are organic oilseed manufacturers in India. They supply Organic Sesame seed all over the world. There are many sesame suppliers in India. Organic Products India and Veerral Agro Tech are the leading manufacturers of organic sesame seeds in India since many years. They are sesame suppliers, amaranth suppliers, flaxseed suppliers, black cumin seeds exporter etc.
Indian sesame seeds crop 2019
In India production of sesame seed is increasing. India produces a huge range of sesame seed varieties and grades each distinctive to the region where they are grown. For years, India has been one of the precursors in the global sesame market. The country is capable of producing thousands of tons of sesame seeds every year but the actual produced amount may depend upon the crop quality, monsoon and many other factors.
However, due to the major plunge in 2016, the production of sesame seed has been lagging due to poor climatic conditions in India. The Eastern & Western regions, which are known for their production of sesame seeds, were severely hit by floods and monsoons. With the unfortunate weather conditions, crop damage was inevitable, causing a bleak turn out to produce the crop. The Indian crop of sesame seeds was short by 60% in 2018. As against 418000 MT in 2017. The harvest yield of sesame seeds was estimated at around 178000 MT during 2018.
- Changing consumer consumption patterns & increasing health awareness are driving growth & innovation to the varieties of sesame seeds.
- The flourishing demand for the authentic Mediterranean and Arabic food items like Tahini, Hummus, etc has increased consumer inclination toward seed‐based spreads, and upgraded technology to produce innovative products to meet consumer demand, are another set of factors contributing to the demand for Indian sesame seeds worldwide.
- There is rising demand for Organic Sesame seeds due to Expansion of vegan population base & online grocery trends are laying forward a promising market for the organic sesame seeds of India.
- Nine varieties of sesame seeds are currently produced in India. Advancements & innovations in terms of varieties are expected to further drive the demand & enhance the Indian sesame seeds market share in the future.
- Sesame farming does not require advanced resources for cultivation, irrigation & fertilization. As it is a versatile crop which is highly preferred for cultivation owing to its unique attributes of rapid development and drought, heat tolerance.
- Fluctuations In price: Price levels for sesame seeds from different origins show similar developments & indicate the price interdependency between the various global suppliers. Sesame has annual price volatility of around 25 to 30% and this is mainly due to the supply issues rather than the crop failures. Following the price interdependency, the global market is made to rest on the annual volumes produced in India and China.
- Robust International Competition: African sesame seeds with a notch under prices are seamlessly giving a stiff competition to the sesame seeds of Indian origin. With a poor harvest yield, the sesame crop failed to commensurate with the domestic & global demands last year. The deficient supply has apparently triggered the price rise & has chiefly attributed to the consumers shift towards the alternative markets in Africa.
- Risk of salmonella in sesame seeds: Allergies associated with the commodity are also holding back the growth of Indian sesame varieties in international markets.